Do you know Indira Gandhi secretly funded Abdul Kalam’s PROJECT DEVIL?
Have you wondered why Abdul Kalam called as MISSILE MAN?
Do you know his contribution to the Medical field to help the poor?
Why he is a well know Nuclear Scientist of India?
His contribution to Science is Great. Let’s list out some of his projects…….!
- Small hovercraft
- Project Devil
- Project Valiant
- Expandable Rocket
- Kalam Raju stent
- Kalam Raju Tablet
Details are as follows:
He started his career by designing a small hovercraft but remained unconvinced by his choice of a job at Defence Research and Development Organisation.
A vehicle that travels on land, water, mud, and other surfaces operated by the pilot. In 1958, Kalam got a post at Technical center and sent to A&ATU. In 1962, Hovercraft successfully designed and named as NANDI.
2, Project Devil
Project Devil developed along with Project Valiant. Both of them started in 1958 by DRDO to outcome a short-range surface t0 air missile. This was inaugurated by V.S.Narayanan.
Project Devil was one of two early liquid-fueled missile projects developed by India. Although discontinued in 1980 without achieving full success, Project Devil, led to the later development of the Prithvi missile in the 1980s.
Despite the disapproval of the Union Cabinet, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi allotted secret funds for these aerospace projects through her discretionary powers under Kalam’s directorship.
PSLV-Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle. The eminent use of PSLV to get details about Indian Remote Sensing.
Between the 1970s and 1990s, Kalam made an effort to develop the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and SLV-III projects, both of which proved to be successful. The first PSLV launched on 20 Sep 93.
4, Expendable rocket project:
Kalam’s first work was an expandable rocket project independently at DRDO in 1965. In 1969, Kalam received the government’s approval and expanded the programme to include more engineers.
Kalam has been transferred to ISRO in 1969. In 1970, the SLV project started. The main intention is to reach height of 400km and hand over the payload of 40kg. The first attempt was a failure in 1979. This Vehicle (SLV-III) which successfully deployed the Rohini satellite in near-earth orbit in July 1980. This became first satellite launched successfully and gave data about the fourth stage of SLV. Again in 1981, SLV launched with a payload of 38kg in Low earth orbit. This was a partial Failure and destroyed within 9 days. In 1983, ISRO launched SLV with the highest payload of 41.5Kg and became Successfully. This gave data about Earth observation satellite details.
6, Project Valiant:
Project Valiant was one of two early liquid-fueled missile projects developed by India, along with “Project Devil” in the 1970s. The goal of Project Valiant was to produce an intercontinental ballistic missile. Although discontinued in 1974 without achieving success, Project Valiant, like Project Devil, led to the later development of the Prithvi missile in the 1980s.
Both projects (Devil & Valiant) overseen by the Defence Research & Development Laboratory (DRDL) of India, which had begun in 1958 with a specialization in anti-tank missiles but expanded in subsequent years. Project Devil intended to be a short-range surface-to-air missile utilizing 3-ton engines. The model for Project Devil was the SA-2 Guideline, a Soviet Union missile which the DRDL intended to reverse engineer. R Venkatraman was instrumental in getting the cabinet approval for allocating ₹388 crores for the mission, named Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) and appointed Kalam as the chief executive. This lead to his name as MISSILE MAN.
The Pokhran-II nuclear tests conducted during this period in which he played an intensive political and technological role.
Pokhran-II, the series of five nuclear bomb test explosions lead by India at the Indian Army’s Pokhran Test Range; in May 1998. Pokhran was the Second Indian Nuclear test and the first was code-named as Smiling Buddha in 1974, May.
It was the second Indian nuclear test; the first test, code-named Smiling Buddha was conducted in May 1974.
Pokhran-II consisted of five detonations, of which the first was a fusion bomb and the remaining four were fission bombs. These nuclear tests resulted in a variety of sanctions against India by a number of major states, including Japan and the United States.
8, Medicine project:
In 1998, along with cardiologist Soma Raju, Kalam developed a low-cost coronary stent, named the “Kalam-Raju Stent”.
In 2012, the duo designed a rugged tablet computer for health care in rural areas, which named the “Kalam-Raju Tablet”.
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He left this world on July 27, 2015.